Conditions We Treat

Physiotherapy Richmond Hill has today focuses on maximizing the life of people and allowing them to get back to their pre-injury functions and performance levels. As one of the popularly known physiotherapists, we offer top-level care and only use the best equipment and skills you need to get better.

Ankle and Foot

Ankle Sprain

A sprain occurs when the ankle or foot is rolled or twisted awkwardly. The abrupt movement can cause tears and stretch in ligaments that hold joints together. It is common for the sprained area to be painful and swollen. Treatment for sprains depends on the severity of the injury.

Achilles Tendinopathy

The Achilles Tendon is the tissue that holds your heel and calf muscles together. It is particularly important part of your foot anatomy since it allows you to bend your foot downward. Achilles Tendinopathy occurs with the accumulation of microtrauma directed towards the Achilles Tendon. Over time and with persistent and excessive use, the area around the ankle and calf becomes painful, inflamed, and stiff as a result of Achilles Tendinopathy.

Plantar Fasciitis

Repeated stretching of the area in between the toes and the heel can cause Plantar Fasciitis. This injury is particularly common for people who engage in various strenuous activities including runners, and professional athletes. If left untreated, Plantar Fasciitis can result in permanent back and posture problems.


Meniscus Injury

Caused by the forceful movement around the knee joint, meniscus injuries can be very painful. The condition can cause swelling, knee pain, and popping out in the knee area. Treatment depends on the severity of the injury. However, often, patients are required to go through observation and therapy to regain full range of movement.

Patello-Femoral Pain Syndrome (Runners Knee)

As the name suggests, Patello-Femoral Pain Syndrome is most common in people who engage in physical activity particularly running. This injury can cause pain during physical activities that require bending of the knee. Interestingly, people who are afflicted with the Runner’s Knee also have difficulty and pain when asked to sit for long periods.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear, otherwise known as an ACL injury, occurs when the anterior cruciate ligament is torn or sprained. It is a particularly serious condition because the ACL is a major ligament in the knee. Symptoms include a very distinct “pop” or popping sensation in the knee followed by severe pain. Immediate care is needed to treat this condition.

Knee Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis of the knee is the most common form of arthritis. Known as wear-and-tear arthritis, it occurs when the cushioning between the joints is weathered away with time. While it is most common with the elderly, young people can also be afflicted with this condition. Pain during movement, swelling, decreased mobility, and stiffness especially in the morning are amongst the most common symptoms of knee osteoarthritis.

ITB Friction syndrome

Similar to the runner’s knee, the ITB friction syndrome is an injury that is often experienced by athletes or avid runners. This condition can be caused by poor running technique and is characterized by a burning pain along the outer parts of the knees near the thighs.

Lower Leg

Shin Splints

Shin splints or medial tibial stress syndrome is a common injury characterized by a sharp stabbing pain in the shin especially when engaged in physical activity. This condition can be caused by several factors including flat feet, weak running form, inappropriate running footwear, and working out without a warm-up or a cool down.


Trochanteric Bursitis

The bursa is the fluid-filled sac that lines the outer point of the trochanter – the hip bone. When inflamed, the bursa causes pain around the hip area restricting movement. This pain is often exacerbated by certain movements including lying on the affected side, standing from a deep-seated position and walking up a flight of stairs.

Hip Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis of the hip can be difficult to diagnose since the pain radiates to different parts of the body including the groin, the legs, and the thighs. Moreover, pain associated with this condition can be dull or sharp and stabbing. Nevertheless, symptoms may include stiffness of the hip, difficulty in walking, crunching sound near the hips, and swelling and tenderness.


Shoulder Impingement

Shoulder Impingement can be caused by repeated overhead activity. It is often characterized by pain in the shoulder when the patient lifts their hand over their head or towards the back. Pain in the shoulder towards the side of the arm is also a common symptom of shoulder impingement.

Frozen shoulder

Frozen shoulder is an injury that results from the inflammation of the capsule that surrounds the joint in the shoulder. For the most part, the severity of this condition lifts over time. However, the pain can last anywhere from six months to a few years. While seemingly innocuous, some studies suggest that frozen shoulder is a common early indicator of Parkinson’s disease.

Hand and Wrist

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome occurs in patients when one of the main nerves of the hands, the median nerve, gets compressed as it traverses along the rest of the arm. It is particularly important to diagnose carpal tunnel syndrome early as this injury can worsen over time. Symptoms include numbness in the thumb, middle, and index finger, pain in the forearm, clumsiness of the hands, loosening of grip, and occasional shock sensations.

Trigger Finger

Also known as stenosing tenosynovitis, trigger finger causes pain and a locking sensation in the fingers when it is bent and straightened. It is most commonly experienced by the ring finger and the thumb. If left untreated, the discomfort may become permanent.

De Quervain’s Tenosynovitis

The exact cause of De Quervain’s Tenosynovitis remains unknown. However, this injury is known to inflict pain to a patient whenever they try to grip at something or make a fist. The pain is a result of the inflammation of two tendons in the wrist near the thumb.

Wrist Fractures

Wrist fractures, otherwise simply known as broken wrists, often occur when people try to catch themselves from a fall. This injury can cause severe pain and swelling. Deformation as a result of the break can also be expected from this kind of injury. Immediate medical assistance is needed to treat wrist fractures.

Low Back

Disc Herniation/Disc Bulge

Herniated discs occur when the jelly-like center of the spinal disk called the nucleus breaks through the tough exterior called the annulus fibrosus. The symptoms depend on the area of the spine the disc bulge/herniation occurs in. However, most common symptoms include pain in the lower back and/or pain, numbness, and tingling in the leg.

Spinal stenosis

Most people afflicted with Spinal stenosis do not feel any symptoms. However, this injury that is a result of the narrowing of the spaces within the spine can cause weakness in the foot or leg, numbness, cramping and back/leg pain.

Low Back Pain/ Mechanical Back Pain

Often caused by trauma, mechanical back pain is characterized by pain in the lower back that radiates through the buttocks and the thighs. For mild pain, bed rest and decreased amounts of physical activity can treat mechanical back pain. However, there are instances wherein professional physical therapy is needed to ease discomfort.


Sciatica is a condition that afflicts the sciatic nerve that runs through the lower back through the hip and onto the legs. Often, this injury only affects one side of the body. The amount and type of pain can differ from case to case. However, patients have reported a spike in pain levels whenever they sneeze or cough.


Neck pain

Pain in the neck is a common medical injury that can be caused by various things. Symptoms vary but neck pain is often coupled by headaches, reduced mobility, tingling and weakness in the arms and tenderness in the shoulder area.


Cause by an abrupt jerking motion in the head, whiplash is a common neck injury that can cause pain in more areas than the afflicted part of the body. It can cause pain in the head, shoulders, and arms. Stiffness around the neck and decreased mobility can also be expected following whiplash.

Spinal stenosis

Cervical Radiculopathy occurs when a nerve around the neck and shoulder area is compressed or irritated. This injury can cause pain in the shoulders and neck and may cause weakness/pain throughout the arms and hands.


Cervicogenic headaches

Cervicogenic headaches are classified as secondary headaches since underlying causes are usually not where the pain can be felt. In the case of cervicogenic headaches, neck injuries cause headaches. Symptoms of this condition include neck stiffness, pain on one side of the head, ocular pain, nausea, and blurred vision.

TMJ Issues

TMJ/Jaw Pain

TMJ pain can be caused by physical trauma, wear and tear due to aging, or disease. Symptoms of this condition include facial pain that transcends to the neck and shoulders, ear pain, facial swelling, muscle spasms, and headaches. In severe cases, the pain is unbearable that it causes emotional distress to the sufferer.

TMJ headaches

Headaches aren’t often attributed to the jaws. But there is a type that can be caused by irregularities in the temporomandibular joint – the joint that connects the jaw to the rest of the skull. While the definite cause of this particular type of headache remains unknown, something as simple as teeth grinding can trigger the condition. Aside from headaches, symptoms can also include a clicking noise in the jaw, facial pain, and limited jaw movement.

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